LDL 308 Očhéthi Šakówiŋ Grammar III


    Course description

    This course will build on 208 to extend the students’ knowledge of Lakota grammar in use. The course is designed to teach grammar rules in context and with the aim of communicating in the language, rather than for knowing grammar for its own end. Therefore, all grammar rules will be introduced within the context of everyday communicative situations or traditional narratives. Students will practice conjugating verbs of all types, learn more about various types of clauses, determinants, partitives, adverbials, attributive verbs, active verbs, verbs with various numbers of arguments, conjunctions, postpositions and enclitics. There will be activities to practice the so called T-words in detail. The class will also offer a comparison of spoken or colloquial grammar as opposed to the grammar used in more formal settings, including writing.

    Course objectives

    The aim of the course is to introduce students to Lakota/Dakota grammar on the intermediate to pre-advanced level. They will be given a large amount of examples which will help them conceptualize each and every grammar rule. The course will also be aimed at introducing the necessary meta-language for describing and discussing grammar. Students will also practice deducing the structural rules on their own so that they can continue exploring the Lakota/Dakota grammar outside classes.

    Required textbooks

    • New Lakota Dictionary: Lakȟótiyapi-English / English-Lakȟótiyapi & Incorporating the Dakota Dialects of Yankton- Yanktonai & Santee-Sisseton. Edited by Jan F. Ullrich. Lakota Language Consortium, Bloomington, IN (2011). isbn-9780976108290.
  • Contact us


  • LLC Flickr Photostream